The Full Story
NAJL California, Inc. Executive Director ∙ Ellen Rollins ∙ firstname.lastname@example.org
587 W. Channel Islands Blvd Suite 582 Port Hueneme CA, 93035 ∙ 408-856-4168
San Jose Juneteenth 2010 Opening Ceremony
Celebrates the struggles and victories
of African Americans ’ quest for freedom & Positive Change
Two and a half years after the Emancipation Proclamation was signed
freeing enslaved people in America. Those west of Texas were still unaware until
Union General Gordon Granger arrived in Galveston, Texas bringing the good news:
“There will no longer be slavery in this nation,” beginning this first Juneteenth celebration.
Although the Emancipation Proclamation did not end slavery in America--this was achieved by the
passage of the 13TH Amendment to the Constitution on Dec. 18, 1865--it did make that accomplishment a basic war goal and a virtual certainty. Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, by virtue of the power in me vested as Commander-In-Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States in time of actual armed rebellion against the authority and government of the United States, and as a fit and necessary war measure for suppressing said rebellion, do, on this 1st day of January, A.D. 1863, and in accordance with my purpose so to do, publicly proclaimed for the full period of one hundred days from the first day above mentioned, order and designate as the States and parts States wherein the people thereof, respectively, are this day in rebellion against the United States the following, to wit:
Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana (except the parishes of St. Bernard, Palquemines, Jefferson, St. John,
St. Charles, St. James, Ascension, Assumption, Terrebone, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and
Orleans, including the city of New Orleans), Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South
Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia (except the forty-eight counties designated as West
Virginia, and also the counties of Berkeley, Accomac, Morthhampton, Elizabeth City, York,
Princess Anne, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth), and which excepted
parts are for the present left precisely as if this proclamation were not issued.
And by virtue of the power and for the purpose aforesaid, I do order and declare that all persons
held as slaves within said designated States and parts of States are, and henceforward shall be,
free; and that the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval
authorities thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons.
And I hereby enjoin upon the people so declared to be free to abstain from all violence, unless
in necessary self-defense; and I recommend to them that, in all case when allowed, they labor
faithfully for reasonable wages.
And I further declare and make known that such persons of suitable condition will be received
into the armed service of the United States to garrison forts, positions, stations, and other
places, and to man vessels of all sorts in said service.
And upon this act, sincerely believed to be an act of justice, warranted by the Constitution upon
military necessity, I invoke the considerate judgment of mankind and the gracious favor of
On Jan. 1, 1863, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln declared free all slaves residing in
territory in rebellion against the federal government. This Emancipation Proclamation
actually freed few people. It did not apply to slaves in border states fighting on the Union
side; nor did it affect slaves in southern areas already under Union control. Naturally, the
states in rebellion did not act on Lincoln's order. But the proclamation did show
Americans-- and the world--that the civil war was now being fought to end slavery.
Lincoln had been reluctant to come to this position. A believer in white supremacy, he initially viewed the war only in terms of preserving the Union. As pressure for abolition mounted in Congress and the country, however, Lincoln became more sympathetic to the idea. On Sept. 22, 1862, he issued a preliminary proclamation announcing that emancipation would become effective on Jan. 1, 1863, in those states still in rebellion. Although the Emancipation Proclamation did not end slavery in America--this was achieved by the passage of the 13TH Amendment to the Constitution on Dec. 18, 1865--it did make that accomplishment a basic war goal and a virtual certainty.
7/19/22San Jose California 5:09AMI Ellen AC Rollins, NAJLCA, Inc Curator/CEO, having a difficult time sleeping due to a disparaging FBconversation last night regarding Junteenth Celebrations USA. The poster wrote how Founder :Lula Briggs-Galloway name was erased in the present day celebrations. He did not know that he wasreaching, myself, the protégé of Lula Briggs-Galloway and her successor National Juneteenth CEO andchosen California & Region 8 Director, prior to her transition 2008.My final project completion two weeks, before her passing was the curatorial founding and direction ofLula’s museum, “The African American Heritage House” in the History Park San Jose Old Town museumpark, Senter Rd San Jose, CA. It remains open today under the domain of her Family Matti & OccieTensley’s management. Lula’s final wish was to not die without having facilitated a museum in her hometown. Lula had facilitated a museum site prior in her husbands hometown & the original National hometown of Sagginaw Michigan. Lula had officiated at the opening of my first Curatorial/ COO position at the“River Nile Museum” housed in the Gilroy California Mayor’s mansion by Founder Ms. Octavia Butler ofSan Jose.After Sister Lula Briggs-Galloway transitioned, NAJL 19 was left fallow, and at this time I, took on thefunctioning of its management, 2010 under the State Directors CA 501c3, and then elevated theorganization into its present day “National Association of Juneteenth Lineage California, Inc”.NAJLCA, Inc continued to facilitate national energies to seek state & national recognition. NAJLCA, Inc.supported its local “African American Community Service Agency” Juneteenth host to fund raise andproduce its annual Juneteenth Festival and directly funded and produced its Opening ReenactmentCeremonies until, we “NAJLCA & AACSA” encouraged Santa Clara County to recognize the San JoseJunteenth Celebration as the first California County official Holiday by SCC BOS led by then Supervisor ,Dave Cortese June 2020.
June 19, 2021 the year of my dear daughter Terri L Carters, transition Vice President and those many other Juneteenth Grandmothers around this nation, encouraged our President Joe Biden to take the step Sister Lula-Briggs Galloway had fought and empowered that goal of Officially recognizing Juneteenth as a National Holiday. June 18, 2022, I was honored to perform the Opening Ceremony Reenactment Elder of the Day, with Vice Mayor Charles “Chappie” Jones as General Granger , requesting permission to read to the people President Abraham Lincoln’s Executive Order #3. It is this important consistant act that teaches the people to recognize and remember the importance of this historical event, which occurred the Teenth days of June 1865 on Galveston iland Texas, Smithsonian recognizes and NAJL accepted oral historical statements by Galveston now Citizens the 19 th day of June 1865. It is my assessment that repugnants, want to analyze that only a few enslaved persons in a few places were freed. From Presidents Lincolns writings against the Mosouri compromise to allow slavery in the west, the words above in the Executive Order #3, & the 13 th Amendment to the US Constitution “THERE IS TO BE NO ENSLAVEMENT IN THE CONTINENTAL US OR ANY US TERRITORIAL POSSESSIONS”, is my historical curatorial analysis!!!
To conclude this early morning energy to respond to those pundents that posted on my Ancestral FB
page, Ma’ati Auset, not knowing whom it is I am. Lula Briggs-Galloways goals & parking lot agendas,
have been in motion & continuing through my daily actions on NAJL 19 behalf since 1999 when I first
met her, functioning as her Administrative Assistant from the African American Community Service Agency under then Executive Director Mr. Elbert Reed, producing NAJL 19 th 2 nd National Conference here in San Jose, CA featuring Dr Ivan VanSertima and Egyption Museum San Jose Director as Keynote Speakers. I became NAJL 19 CA State Director upon Mr. Reeds retirement in 2001 – present day. I incorporated NAJLCA, Inc in 2013 until present day. Never has Lula Briggs Galloway been hidden in California. When the 45 th Repugnent US President attempted to go to Tulsa Oklahoma it was I who contacted Tulsa NAACP to inform them of the threat and to request from my network outreach all possible assistance in Tulsa’s resistance. Requesting all Juneteenth Organizations to respond to Tulsa’s assistance and to mention them at their Juneteenth events. 45 did not go to Tulsa on June 19 th and the children stood up and protected Tulsa from around the world. There will be an International Conference of Pan Africanist hosted by NAJLCA in 2024, hosted by its Region 8 State Directorship. The pertinent information will be sent to all NAJL 19 Affiliates Dec. 26th 2022. We The People have fulfilled Lula Briggs-Galloways NAJL 19 & NAJLCA Inc. National Goals and we are not fulfilling her International Goals. So do not let those who talk and don’t walk where they are
disparage what those that are carrying on the mission & vision of NAJL 19 all over this Nation to have
accomplished in UNITY Lula Briggs-Galloway’s National Dream. Now lets mobilize Globally as One!!!
Mrs. Ellen AC Rollins(Ma’ati Auset) NAJLCA, Inc. Curator/CEO
THE NEW JUNETEENTH
Defining Juneteenth in Our Image and Interests: A National Black Council of Elders Approach Whatever the dominant American society does in the ways of conceding holidays to African Americans, it is incumbent that we, as agents of our own liberation, history and humanity, define them in our own image and interests. Since Martin Luther King's birthday was established as a national holiday, the media and ruling race/class have attempted to redefine his actions, character and legacy to their benefit their social position. The problem of defining holidays arose significantly, with the growth of Kwanzaa, which began in a one-bedroom apartment with only 150 people, to today where it is celebrated as an act of Self Determination, by 60 million African people on all habitable continents. Since President Biden made Juneteenth a national holiday in 2021, it becomes ever more important that we give it meaning and significance in the flow of African Peoples' History. Originally, Juneteenth is the commemoration of June 19, 1865, the day enslaved African Americans in Galveston, Texas learned that they were free after General Gordon Granger and his Union troops landed in Galveston. Slaves in the Confederate States were freed on January 1, 1863 when President Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation. But, as we have learned all too often, America extends rights, while at the same time denies the ability or capacity to exercise those same rights. Thus, the people of Galveston had to wait 2 years before finding out that they were free. However, our history is not one determined by the acts of our oppressors. The fact is that the Juneteenth Liberation Day, is a marker point in the history of African people engaging in their own liberation. struggle since the times of: Queens Nzingha and Amina, King Shaka, Cinque, Harriet Tubman, Frederick Douglas, and Marcus Garvey. Our struggle as an African people has a long and valiant history. Therefore, it is important we bestow Juneteenth the sacred meaning and significance it deserves as a holiday. In the National Black Council of Elders, we classify the age group between 25 and 55 as Nation Builders. One such Nation Builder within the NBCOE is Marshon Kincy, of Compton, California. Marshon, Founder of the Mighty Forefront, formulated a sacred and solemn concept for Juneteenth which the NBCOE supports as a community
building, culture-oriented concept which we endeavor to expand and build on with Marshon's and the community's permission. reflect on the fact that they were often very limited in what they could eat and drink to survive. In Marshon's concept, Juneteenth becomes a 7-day holiday event, marking the departure of many slaves from the plantations to a more wholesome living environment. These days are marked by foods that represent the limited provisions that sustained African peoples along their trek to freedom. Thus, the first day, June 13, is Fruits and Water Day: representing a more restricted diet of Africans leaving the plantations behind. The National Black Council of Elders would like to frame Marshon's concept in the following theoretical construct in order to add cultural significance and definition. Simply, we would like to frame the context of celebrating Juneteenth as freedom from verses freedom to. Freedom from a ruthless, terror-filled enslavement allowed for the freedom to build community. It also granted us the opportunity to re-engage with our history and culture. On the latter point, The NBCOE enjoins the Seven Days of Juneteenth with the Nguzo Saba: the Seven Principles of Kwanzaa. In doing so, we add greater cultural meaning to Juneteenth, we reinforce the significance of African values daily, and we define Juneteenth as a community-building event in the Freedom Movement. With this design, we combine the two concepts of freedom from slavery with the freedom to build community. This act of unity and self-determination will aid us in embarking on the Sankofa Journey back to our personal and collective Africanity, utilizing the Principles of Kwanzaa. Thus, Juneteenth and the Principles of Kwanzaa, become dual aspects of our Sankofa Journey back to an African mindset and system of values. So, as we celebrate each day of Juneteenth as Marshon has outlined, we will also light a candle for each day to observe the values our Sacred Ancestors have laid down for us: to rebuild our families and communities in our image and interests. Consistent with cultural tradition drum calls, is an awakening to the community of the need to assemble together and congregate for a united purpose. In this case, we come together to exercise our right of self-determination to define our collective destiny as a national and global community. On the first day, drum circles across the globe should open this seven-day celebration as a call for unity. We will awaken the national and Pan African community while also consuming fruits and water to honor the resilience of our ancestors. A candle will then be lit for Unity, the first Principle of Kwanzaa, as an act of recommitting to community building. On the second day of the Juneteenth Week, Marshon elevates the food choices of freed Africans to vegetables and bread in honor of them finding new settlements and raising their own food. We also light the Nguzo Saba candle for Kujichagulia, Self Determination. The meaning and significance of a Juneteenth Celebration is greatly diminished if there is no research, analysis and education of African history which explores what allowed for such an alien intrusion upon our history and traditions. A second component of this process is to arrive at those factors which will ensure an invasion of this sort can never happen again. This educational process therefore must involve key elements of rescue, reconstruction, and full restoration of African culture. This means our goals should assert our humanity, image and interests void of any alien influences or impositions. Without this process, JUNETEENTH has little or no value as a celebration. On the third day, we elevate to rice and beans as a matter of cultivation of crops raised for our own consumption. the candle lit on this day is for Ujima, Collective Work and Responsibility. The fourth day of Juneteenth represents the stability of our Sacred Ancestors and their Spiritual participation in our everyday lives. This is signified by adding Fish and Fowl (Chicken, Duck, Pheasant) to our food choices as we exercise our freedom of choice in our newfound liberation. The principle for which we light a candle for on this day is for Ujamaa, Cooperative Economics. The fifth day, is the day for Herbs and deserts, the former for the bounty of the earth and natural health, and the latter for the delights which the earth provides for our nourishment and joy. The principle for the day is Nia, Purpose, which is about committing to the building of community among our people, wherever we are. On the sixth day of Juneteenth, as Marshon lays it out, there will be an observance of diverse expressions of culture and fashion. This observance will in turn contribute to community building (especially in industry building). Marcus Garvey admonished us as a people and national community, to control every industry which affects our destiny and daily lives. This is the day when all in our community can wear any style of African-centered fashion and show off African designs at home, work and/or play. This is also a day for rejoicing through song, dance, poetry, drumming and other cultural expressions. This day is commensurate with the Kwanzaa Principle of Creativity for which we light the sixth candle. The last day of Juneteenth is for Libation, Celebration and Feasting (Karamu). The Libation is to invoke the Spirit of our Ancestors to join the Global Community in Celebration and Feasting, and for forging the path to our Full and Final Liberation. The celebration can take many forms. Here are some suggestions: When we admit that our history was interrupted by European terror and exploitation, it becomes important to restore our dignity and culture by reinstituting our own culturally relevant rituals and institutions such as: • Baby Whispers • Naming Ceremonies at 7 weeks • Rites of Passage from 2-14 yrs old • Arusi (African Wedding Ceremonies), • Family Reunions, • Celebrations of Life (Transition to Ancestorhood). These not only distinguish African people culturally but also create newly independent institutions which contribute to the economies in our communities. The Seventh and last Principle of Kwanzaa is Imani, Faith. and in addition to lighting the candle can be ritualized in the following manner. A. First, it is suggested each home set aside a Sacred place in the home to remember and honor ancestors and to share valuable lessons and stories with children in the family. Children should be encouraged to create songs, dances and poetry their honor. B. Ceremonies honoring ancestors for their endurance and fortitude should be done at or near a body of water for those who self-sacrificed. Included in these ceremonies should be a cleansing and healing ritual of all the impositions of enslavement. Naming ceremonies can be done, African Weddings, graduation from Rites of Passage, etc
MARSHO N. KINCY CEO/NAJL/NAJL.ORG